In 1950, IRI (Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale) establishes a company named Autostrade Concessioni e Costruzioni SpA. In 1956 Autostrade enters into agreement with ANAS to co-finance, build and operate the Autostrada del Sole between Milan and Naples. The motorway is opened in 1964.

Further agreements followed in 1962 and 1968, granting the Company the concession to build and operate further motorways throughout the country, some of which previously operated by ANAS.

Autostrade is privatised in 1999 and IRI is replaced by a stable group of shareholders led by Edizione (the Benetton group).

In 2003 the infrastructure assets operated under concession were separated from the non-motorway businesses, resulting in the establishment of Autostrade per l’Italia SpA, currently 88.06% owned by Atlantia SpA (then Autostrade SpA), a holding company listed on the Milan Stock Exchange.

Through a series of acquisitions since 2005, Atlantia began a process of geographical diversification by acquiring the management of approximately 2,000 km of toll motorway in Brazil, Chile, India and Poland.

Atlantia entered the airport infrastructure sector in 2013  and operates the Italian capital’s Fiumicino and Ciampino airports.

The Group expands its presence in the airports sector in 2016, with the acquisition of Aéroports de la Côte d’Azur, the company that controls the airports of Nice, Cannes-Mandelieu and Saint Tropez.

With the acquisition of Abertis finalized in October 2018, the world leader in transport infrastructures with approximately 14,000 km of motorways under concession was established in 14 countries.